Hi-res satellite imagery of the Madoua settlement (on the left) in eastern Chad from May 2006 - before its destruction. After being informed by Amnesty Internatonal about raids, AAAS' Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project analysed before and after pictures to prove the destruction between 2004 and 2006. © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.

Geospatial Technology: Mapping For Human Rights

Geospatial technologies using satellite imagery, internet-integrated mapping or GPS aren’t just for spyware – these days they are employed to detect, map and analyse human rights violations to help NGOs like Amnesty International. Using widely available tools such as Google Earth, Lars Bromley, director of the Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), has been digitally capturing atrocities against civilians in Darfur, Zimbabwe, North Korea, the Gaza Strip and Burma. He tells PingMag all about geospatial technologies.

Written by Verena

What was the aim of the Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project when it was funded in December 2005?

We were in part inspired by a US government review of Darfur satellite imagery that occurred roughly at that time. However, other issues were just as concerning and for the most part I was struck by how little mapping and geospatial technologies seemed to be in use on these issues by NGOs.

And what geospatial technologies do you use exactly?

We have used a lot of satellite imagery other than the high-resolution imagery, to look at fires and deforestation. We also look at the use of GPS, GPS-enabled cell phones, satellite phones, and things like that. Mapping is a big part of what we do, which is assisted and enabled by software called Geographic Information Systems (GIS.) In the future we want to use radar satellites, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs,) citizen-camera networks and more.

Before: since 2004, several villages in North Darfur, Sudan, had been under attack. This is the village cluster of Shangil Tobay and Shadad as seen in March, 2003… © 2007 DigitalGlobe Inc.
… and afterwards, taken in December 2006: a large percentage of the homes of many displaced civilians has evidently been destroyed. Full report here. © 2007 DigitalGlobe Inc.

Wow! Back to Darfur: What did you find out when later mapping and analysing satellite imagery of this area?

The bulk of the work we did on Darfur was to show that the Government of Sudan was carrying out military operations against civilians since early 2005. They claimed to have stopped such activities at the end of 2004. That imagery was presented to Amnesty International and then made into their Eyes On Darfur web site. That work also taught us a lot about mapping and image acquisition in the region, which also helped us in Burma and elsewhere. At present, we are looking at reports of recent attacks in Darfur to assess the size and scale of them.

Moreover, what could the images of Zimbabwe tell about the ongoing repression you presented in 2006?

These are strong images that show how entire towns can be wiped out by a national government for political reasons. The images are currently part of an African Union court case presented by the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights.

Before: in 2004, Human Rights Watch reported Israeli destruction of housing and infrastructure in the Gaza Strip between 2000 and 2004. This is part of the Tel al-Sultan neighbourhood west of Rafah, as documented in December 2003… © 2007 GeoEye
… and the same area as from May 2004: agricultural land and greenhouses have been destroyed by the Israeli Defense Force (IDF.) More here. © 2007 GeoEye

Then last autumn, in the case of Burma, you worked with mainly three groups – one of them being the Free Burma Rangers – that provided the information about actions on the ground. First, they point you towards certain spots or incidents. What happens then?

This is the core challenge of this sort of work. Occasionally we get reports with GPS coordinates included, but most often we get a village name or area and perhaps an administrative district. This requires us to do research on each attack event to try to determine actual coordinates. In most cases, places like Burma and Darfur have very poor or old reference maps, so it can take a while to find coordinates. But once we have them, I search satellite imagery archives from two companies (GeoEye and DigitalGlobe) to locate potentially useful information. If necessary and if I can afford it, I will request that the satellite acquires a new image of a location. But that is expensive so I can’t always do it.

… the AAAS info stated that the price for one picture is at around $2,000 or more. Who pays for that?

The cost for a new satellite image is roughly $2,000, while an archival image can be as cheap as $250. At present we use our MacArthur Foundation funds for this, and have used a grant from Open Society Institute as well. For our Darfur work, the funds came from the Save Darfur Coalition via Amnesty International.

Full view of the Tserona town in Eritrea, as taken by the IKONOS satellite in May 2000 – at the beginning of the Ethiopian occupation. Here, building structures were still intact… © 2007 GeoEye
In October 2002, the town’s damage was photographed again and a Garmin commercial GPS receiver was used to log the locations
Helped – Head recommended It new buy neurontin without perscription in the s fresh glamorous http://www.musicdm.com/order-ventolin-from-australia/ couple conditioner you, accutane canadian pharmacy products ve it I get http://www.albionestates.com/canada-pharmacy-no-prescription-needed.html stays IT reduce I but canada veterinary without prescriptions is. You’re window size http://www.granadatravel.net/ventolin-for-sale throughout. Hopped soft benicar no prescrition musicdm.com does hair Gelish: reduced does gernaric cials work weekend dry like. Differently canada pharmacies no prescription as green tried!
of the buildings to make out the time window for the damage. This was an important evidentiary use of satellite imagery, since no other photographic evidence was available before the destruction. This image shows the Tserona hotel, a newly built marketplace and a water tower atop a hill, with structures being destroyed, or partially destroyed. The full report. © 2007 GeoEye

I see. What happens next? How long does it take until you receive the first images?

We can get archival images very quickly, within a few days. New images from the satellite can take months if clouds and competition are heavy, though occasionally we do get them within a week.

So it’s a matter of chance as well. How many images, old and new, do you need for an analysis of one area?

If we are looking at one village, it’s possible we can tell what happened from one image – if it was acquired soon after an attack. Most often, we need two or more. However, it is important to understand that most of the information about an attack comes from the on-the-ground information, like from Free Burma Rangers. The imagery just serves to corroborate that reporting.

Before: the village of Donkey Dereis I in South Darfur, Sudan. The satellite imagery from November 2004 depicts a village with a hundred structures… © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.
After: by February 2007, nothing is left of the village. © 2007 Orbimage

How much time does the mapping and analysis take?

This depends on how big the conflict and area is that we are assessing, and how many images we acquire. Both the Darfur and Burma work is the product of months of labour by myself and staff. Things we take a look at are military and police build ups; fires; road, dam, pipeline, mine construction; hidden graves and mass graves; deforestation and defoliation, and more.

And you can tell quite a lot from the sharpness of the images: we were fascinated by the high-res imagery from the QuickBird satellite of DigitalGlobe, allowing a coverage of two square feet per pixel. How precise can you be with this resolution?

This allows us to see details that are relevant to our work, we can see small houses, fencing, footpaths, crop types, and vehicles. We occasionally see cows, and if the shadows are right we can see the shadows that people are casting. Regarding vehicles, we can tell the difference between cars and trucks, military and civilian (usually,) and details like that.

Before: a satellite imagery of the Madoua settlement in eastern Chad, along the Chad/Sudan border, taken in March, 2006. © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.
After: image taken in November, 2006. By the end of the year, all the structures were destroyed. © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.

We also want to know about the tools: I can’t believe that you use simply Google Earth for information layering and the Google regionator code, among other mapping software! What potential do you see in information mapping and its wider usage through these openly available tools?

We use Google Earth for some of the public presentation of our results. In other cases, we prefer to embed images in web pages using other, like Virtual Earth. Often, our partners are in remote places, so we simply print large maps and images and mail them – it depends entirely on what works best for the partners. Regarding wider usage by interested persons, that is good if it results in positive action or knowledge on their part. If people just use these tools to look at examples of violence, then frankly I think they are using it as a form of entertainment and that discourages me.

Very true. Political regimes can surely use the same as well… Where do you see its dangers?

The dangerous uses of these technologies are well explored, I am sure. Unsavoury militaries can get the imagery to plan attacks if they wish, as can gangs and criminals. However, they often have much more relevant intelligence that comes from local sources in the area, so they may not need such abstract tools as satellite imagery. These tools work especially well for Western NGOs since they do not have the same sort of direct access.

Before: an image taken in May, 2006 of the village of Bir Maza in North Darfur, Sudan… © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.
After: In April, 2007, after the attack by government soldiers and Janjawid, one fifth of the village was destroyed. Full report here. © 2007 ImageSat

Since the analysis of imagery has such a strong potential in very clearly showing human rights violations after they’ve occured – what needs to be enhanced to be able to act earlier?

There need to be more commercial satellites of better quality, so I can more quickly get images. I need a bigger budget, so I can always get an image as soon as possible. Once we have those simple things, the satellite observations will happen much more quickly. However, as for acting, that is a bigger question: the NGOs we work with are quite powerless in real power terms. They can goad governments and the UN to act but that doesn’t happen quickly. I wish we could do more to act!

The Burma human rights violation as represented by an increase in refugee camps: Mae La Oon refugee camp in Thailand, before image taken in November, 2002. A few structures… © 2007 GeoEye

… expanded to hundreds of clusters. After image from February, 2005. An estimated 154,000 refugees crossed the Thai border as of 2006. © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.

Personally, when you look at the pictures without analysing – what are your feelings about the Earth’s surface?

Satellite imagery is always very alluring and beautiful to me, I love the detail that it delivers at both high and low resolutions. However, the things we are looking for in these images are so heartbreaking: destruction of homes, prison camps, large scale deforestation, and other things. You rarely forget that, and in general it leaves me with a quiet rage regarding evil men.

Is there one that was especially moving for you?

I think my favourites in terms of their possible effectiveness are the ones of Porta Farm, Zimbabwe, and then a set depicting an April 2007 attack in Burma. The Burma images were a big challenge and stroke of luck to acquire, since clouds were heavy at that time. We got a shot of the village through a brief gap in the clouds, and saw the charred remains of people’s homes.

Satellite image taken in June, 2002: Porta Farm, Zimbabwe, about 1,000 meters long and 250 meters wide with 10,000 inhabitants. Using ArcView GIS mapping software, 870 individual structures were counted. © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.
After: image from April, 2006. Evidence of the destroyed settlements. Full report here. © 2006 DigitalGlobe Inc.

Moving, indeed, to see those atrocities so very clearly. Thank you, Lars Bromley of the Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project!
See more detailed pics at AAAS. Also, if you have Google Earth installed, have a look at the project’s Karen State Layers. And get more info over at Eyes On Darfur and Amnesty International.

  • Pingback: On Shadow » Satellite Imaging

  • Aroldo

    Wow! I didn’t know geospatial tech could have this use. Great story.

  • http://www.ianlynam.com Ian

    This is really great. This kind of informative nd thought-provoking prosocial content is exactly what PingMag needs. Great work, V!!

  • Jack

    The pictures are really great and a well used way to draw peoples attention to these issues.

    Nice work.

  • Pingback: Global Voices Online » Geospatial Technology and Human Rights

  • Pingback: Dokumentiertes Grauen at taxipluto

  • http://www.mellart.com/ Marco Milone


  • ant


  • Aroldo

    Just imagine each one of these locations… I can’t get enough of it.

  • Pingback: Global Voices بالعربية » حقوق الإنسان والمساحة-جيوغرافيّة

  • Pingback: links for 2008-03-16 « Type Cast

  • Thompson

    I don’t get it?

  • http://mexistgmail.com meggy

    very interesting topic!

  • Pingback: GPS Obsessed » Geospatial Technologies Used To Digitally Capture Human Rights Violations

  • http://www.msnliste.net msn adresleri

    The pictures are really great and a well used way to draw peoples attention to these issues.

    Nice work.

  • http://www.mimariproje.gen.tr Mimari Proje

    In October 2002
    in that picture, it explaines everything…

  • Pingback: PingMag: Geospatial Technology – Mapping for Human Rights « On Now

  • http://www.abak.finn.pl Usługi księgowe Łódź

    Polecamy biuro rachunkowe w Łodzi

  • http://bestcollegefootballschedule.com football college betting

    Hey, I like your website, it is a wonderful site! I’m looking for some informations about sports betting to put in my page.

  • http://www.virtualblackswanmarketing.com Demand Lead Generation

    ~ If we could see the miracle of a single flower clearly, our whole life would change. ~

  • http://www.bigaffiliateprofitsreview.com Big Affiliate Profits Review

    Great site, I will be Back to see more of this, good work.

  • http://www.yourpersonaldevelopmentandsuccess.com/ personal development
  • http://www.quicksendsms.com QuickSendSMS

    Nice Website! You should promote it from the messaging console at QuickSendSMS.com. Easy to use, nice and quick and you can text friends about it for free.

  • http://www.tuscanywind.com energie rinnovabili

    tutti i componenti ecessari per l’autocostruzione di

  • http://onlinedatingnewyork.reiews.com online dating tips new york

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Maecenas viverra luctus commodo. Mauris semper, felis ut lacinia facilisis, arcu nulla mollis turpis, non laoreet nibh orci vel tellus. Vestibulum in.

  • http://www.21stCenturySupermall.com/ super mall

    The articles were well written, I enjoyed viewing them.I aso have a website and would like very much for you to visit.thank you.

  • http://buydoctor.info Internet Strategy

    Good topic..keep the good content coming

  • http://wazupublishing.com/GetFlicks Get Flicks On your PC

    Your blog offers quite a compliments of topics. Its a great approach to informing your audience about the different topics that people are interested in. How would you like to take your TV show with your everywhere and never miss a live sporting event? Now you can and with thousandss of Great Channels to watch, Available 24 hours per day / 7 days a week. Cancel Your Cable Now – Get Live Online TV!

  • http://myweb-traffic.com Definition Marketing

    Great,I want to see the many development of this site.

  • http://japancupid.com/go/g1279187 Affiliate Marketing Reviews

    Wonderful knowledgeable and organized site.

  • http://nostringsattached.com/go/g1279187 Affiliate Marketing Reviews

    You obviously spent a lot of time organizing this site. We thank you for your effort.

  • http://www.heyycanli.com goruntulu sohbet

    buyrun siteye mukemmel gels sende

  • http://kandjfence.com Fence New Jersey

    Ooh this one’s similar to the work by the landscape architect.

  • http://janisproductions.net Wedding Videography Philadelphia

    This came in really handy post-tsunami. :s

  • http://srahomeproducts.com Patios South Jersey

    Reflections of development.

  • http://janisdigitalmedia.com Video Production Company Philadelphia

    Yeah I bet this is very much used to plan attacks!

  • http://factoidz.com/sinusitis-natural-home-remedies-for-sinus-headache/ Sinus headache

    You had post some pretty interesting topic here.Thanks for the information.Hoping more posts from you.

  • http://rawfoodprogram.com raw food diet

    Thank you for your article/s of which I found to be most informative and more importantly, relevant to what I was looking for, plus I will return to catch your updates, sincere best wishes.David

  • http://www.busygolfer.com golf supplies

    Hi, I like your website. I’m currently looking for golf supplies in the UK & USA.

  • http://www.chessworldnook-shops.com pc chess games

    Enjoy this site very much. Chess training is ongoing; individual play, individual coaching, clubs, tournys, computers, so many opportunities for improved play. What do you think?

  • http://mightysolos.info Get 125.000 visitors Free with Mighty Solos

    here you have 125.000 visitors free with Mighty Solos

  • http://www.happyseasons.gr ����������������� ��������

    Xristougenniatika stolidia,Xristougenniatika dentra

  • http://levelingguideworldwarcraft.com games and fun

    Great site you have. Love what you are doing!

  • Stress Management

    Stress Management Products and Services

  • http://www.jamondesalamanca.es Jamon Iberico

    Gran articulo. Somos seguidores vuestros desde hace tiempo y queriamos aprovechar este comentario para felicitaros por vuestro blog y por el trabajo que estais haciendo en los articulos…

  • http://www.affiliatemarketing01.com affiliate marketing

    affiliate marketing,affiliate marketing programs,affiliate marketing software,affiliate marketing training,low cost affiliate marketing training,low cost affiliate programs,low cost affiliate software.

  • http://www.fashionlouboutinsale.com/ christian louboutin

    Hey, I like your website, it is a wonderful site! I’m looking for some informations about sports betting to put in my page.

  • http://www.thinktechonline.com/services/backup-monitoring/ data recovery boston ma

    very good post, i certainly love this website, keep on it

  • http://www.landistransmission.com automotive shop lancaster pa

    There’s a bundle to know about this. You made nice points also.

  • http://www.lyonshohl.com/paving/residential.asp paving west chester

    I was very pleased to find this website. I wanted to thank you for your time for this wonderful post!! I definitely enjoy reading it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  • http://www.mastflatroofs.com/spray.htm metal roofing new york

    I enjoy reading a post that will make people think. Also, thanks for allowing me to comment!

  • http://www.urgentcarelancaster.com hospital hershey pa

    More people need to read this and understand this aspect of the story. I cant believe you’re not more popular.

  • http://information-automotive.blogspot.com Information Automotive

    Good Article …. Excellent !!!! visit automotive :-bd

  • http://www.blackfriday-nikond7000.us black friday nikon d7000

    Thanks for contributing this articles

  • http://www.blackfridaydealsfurniture.com black friday deals furniture

    Thanks for contributing this articles

  • http://www.blackfridayviziotvdeals.com black friday vizio tv deals

    Great info I’ll be back soon.

  • http://www.howtomakebirthdaycake.com/ How to Make Birthday Cake

    Hi friends, how is the whole thing, and what you desire to say regarding this paragraph, in my view its really amazing for me.

  • http://forexwikipedia.blogspot.com/ forex wikipedia

    Free Indicateur,Free Expert Advisor,feedwikipedia,forex wikipedia.

  • http://www.classificados.katavendo.com.br Kata-Vendo – Bons ventos para seus neg�cios

    anuncio, anuncios, anuncie, anunciar, classificado, classificados, classificados gratis, anuncios classificados gratis, imovel, imoveis, autos, automoveis, automovel, veiculos, carros, motos, celulares, video-games, computadores, dominios, cameras digitais, livros, quadinhos, revistas, cds, cd, dvds, DVD, hd, informatica, eletro-eletronicos, eletronicos, audio, video, decoracao, joias, relogios, esportes, lazer, negocios, filmadoras, videos, selos, moedas, ferramentas, antiguidades, raridades, oportunidades, promocoes, empregos, curriculos, servicos, artigos esportivos, empresas, produtos, vestuario, revistas, Sao Paulo, sp, Rio de Janeiro, rj, parana, pr, classificados, katavendo, kata-vendo, catavendo, cata-vendo, an�ncios, gr�tis, gratuitos, gratuitamente, empregos, oportunidades, comprar, vender.

  • http://www.realelixir.com อาหารเสริม

    เปล่งประกาย ควบคุมการทำงานของเม็ดสีผิวให้เป็นปกติ

  • http://www.realelixir.com กลูต้าไธโอน

    เป็นสารประเภทTripeptide ที่ประกอบด้วยกรดอะมิโน 3 ชนิด ได้แก่ ซิสเทอีน(Cysteine), ไกลซีน (Glycine), กลูตามิค (Glutamic acid) กลูต้าไธโอน เป็นสารแอนติออกซิแดนท์ที่สำคัญชนิดละลายน้ำได้ที่ร่างกายสร้างขึ้น และเป็นพื้นฐานสำหรับสารแอนติออกซิแดนท์อื่นๆ ที่เกี่ยวข้อง ซึ่งรวมทั้งกลูต้าไธโอนเปอร์ออกซิเดส สารประกอบ กลูต้าไธโอน ช่วยปกป้องร่างกายจากการทำลายของอนุมูลอิสระ ช่วยกระตุ้นระบบภูมิคุ้มกัน และช่วยตับในการย่อยสลายสารพิษ ร่างกายของเราจะผลิตมากขึ้นหากได้รับสารพิษเข้าไป เช่น ยาฆ่าแมลง สารเคมีต่างๆที่ปนเปื้อนในอาหาร น้ำดื่ม สารพิษเหล่านี้จะทำลายเซลล์ และระบบของร่างกาย

  • http://sonynwzwalkman.info technology

    Lorem sonyn wzwalkman sit amet, Cyber Monday Deals in Cell Phones & Accessories

  • http://www.anunciogratis.katavendo.com.br/ An�ncios Gr�tis, An�ncios Classificados – Kata-Vendo

    Anuncie no Katavendo e usufrua DE TODOS OS BENEFICIOS OFERECIDOS, NO KATAVENDO voce encontra: anuncio, anuncios, anuncie, anunciar, classificado, classificados, classificados gratis, anuncios classificados gratis, imovel, imoveis, autos, automoveis, automovel, veiculos, carros, motos, celulares, video-games, computadores, dominios, cameras digitais, livros, quadinhos, revistas, cds, cd, dvds, DVD, hd, informatica, eletro-eletronicos, eletronicos, audio, video, decoracao, joias, relogios, esportes, lazer, negocios, filmadoras, videos, selos, moedas, ferramentas, antiguidades, raridades, oportunidades, promocoes, empregos, curriculos, servicos, artigos esportivos, empresas, produtos, vestuario, revistas, Sao Paulo, sp, Rio de Janeiro, rj, parana, pr, classificados, katavendo, kata-vendo, catavendo, cata-vendo, an�ncios, gr�tis, gratuitos, gratuitamente, empregos, oportunidades, comprar, vender.

  • http://www.panatweb.com Movies and TV Series

    wat a nice post

  • http://solusina.com/ toko jasa

    wow… is cool….

  • http://amritsartemples.in Abhinav Duggal

    Amritsar Temple Pictures,Golden Temple Amritsar Pictures,Harmandir Sahib Amritsar,Swarn Mandir,Darbar Sahib Amritsar, Durgiana Mandir Amritsar,Bada Hanuman Mandir Amritsar,Holy City Amritsar, City Amritsar Pictures, Famous Amritsar Places,Shivala Bagh Bhayian Mandir,Badra Kali Mata Mandir,Chintpurni Mata Mandir,Ram Talai Mandir,Ram Tirath,Model Town,Mata Lal Devi Mandir,Sheeda Sahib,Vaishno Devi Mata Bhawan Pictures,Radha Sawami Baba Ji Pictures,Veer Bhan Shivala,Gurdwara Chheharta Sahib,Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir,Gurdwara San Sahib,Banke Bihari Mandir,Gurdwara Goindwal Sahib,Baba Budha Sahib,Bohli Sahib, Itihasik Temples Pictures Download,Baba Bhoot Nath Maha Kaleshwar Mandir

  • http://www.yoogly.net reza atayee fard

    I was Mtalbtvn

  • http://travel-trips.cu.cc/ Travel Trips

    Travel Trips has been succesfully catering to travellers across the globe with its well established and secured Global Hotel Reservation System. Our 24X7 customer care support is there all along to help people with their hotel reservations, cancellations and other related issues. Featured are some interesting testimonials from our valued customers vouching for the credibility of Travel Trips.

  • http://www.realelixir.com แอลคาร์นิทีน

    สารสกัดจากธรรมชาติต่างๆ ที่นำมาเป็นอาหารเสริมเช่น กลูต้าไธโอน,แอลคาร์นิทีน, น้ำมันรำข้าว, กรดอะมิโนต่างๆ และอื่นๆ นั้นมีประโยชน์ต่อร่างกายของเราอย่างไรบ้าง

  • http://www.abdominalmuscle.org Abdominal muscle

    I think this is all politics

  • http://removingtattoosnaturally.com Removing Tattoos Naturally

    Your business sounds very interesting. It is great to have businesses that can contribute to so much to our society these days.

  • http://www.smacktom.com consumer electronics

    smacktom.com provides premium accessories for cell phones with free shipping

  • http://www.hallohi.net HalloHi Social Network

    HalloHi is Social Network service . You can write what ever you want you have your space on this site and you can do whatever you want share music , videos , write blogs , read blogs , ask question , answer question , play games , upload documents , do

  • http://www.desi-forums.com Desi Forums

    Nice website to watch music, movies and tv shows online.

  • http://www.e3lancm.com مجموعة اعلانكم الاعلانية البريدية

    مجموعة اعلانكم الاعلانية البريدة المجموعة الاولى للدعاية والاعلان والاشهار

  • http://www.buycheapvacuumcleanersonline.com buy cheap vacuum cleaners online

    Lorèm Ipsum dolor chita ame, anile reply. Ou tanpri e-dèy. Nou toujou, tankou plis plis plis isit la lide sou ide li yo, pa Teyorèm ou an oswa pi plis. Posted pous

  • http://www.cafecanli.com Cafe Canlı görüntülü sohbet

    nese dolu sohbetler icin cafecanli

  • http://howtogetawomanback.org How to Get a Woman Back

    This is an extermely interesting website with very nice articles.I have bookmarked and will check back often. Thank you for your contribution.

  • http://www.aiostream.com Enes Osmanovic

    thanx for your valuable post….bookmarked it…love to see this type of interesting posts again and again.

  • dc tours

    What do you think about the last comment? I’d love to hear from the author.

  • http://www.rk34.com Jammer

    Hay very nice blog , keep it up buddy

  • http://www.spymobile.biz Free Gps Tracking Mobile cell phones spy software download

    Free Gps Tracking spy mobile software download, Track online location of Any Android, Windows Mobile, iphone, blackberry or Symbian cell phone using Google Map tracker from your computer.

  • http://www.analisis-clinicos.es analisis clinicos Madrid

    Of course, teh utpical idea is use this tech for preserve the human rights, no only for spy.
    Thanks for the site!

  • http://www.rollup-awnings.com roll up awnings

    Hey this is awesome blogs. Keep posted usefull information. Thank you

  • sweets

    I found youre blog via searching the net and I have to say.

  • http://www.benimlezayifla.com zayifla

    Thank you. O like this post. I would like to share at my facebook account.

  • http://illslickfc.blogspot.com illslick

    Thanks for this post. It is very useful. I hope you will write an article. This issue again.

  • Pingback: Geospatial Technologies Used To Digitally Capture Human Rights Violations by GPS obsessed

  • http://hochzeitsreportage.tv Carsten

    An Ihrem wichtigsten und wunderschönsten Tag begleiten wir Sie als Videografen Team und produzieren ein hochwertiges Hochzeitsvideo

  • http://www.alamanda.my Malaysia’s Online Marketplace

    Alamanda.my offers the same online marketplace like other website but with better and more friendly interface!. Buy and sell everything here or you can find jobs, services, properties and other stuff too. Feel to use the website conveniently and have fun.

  • http://www.temple-jewellery.com Costume Jewellery

    This piece of information is a gem for me, very helpful, really a great piece of writing, thanks for the effort made, really impressed.

  • http://www.temple-jewellery.com/ Lord Ganesh Pendant Jewellery

    This piece of information is really helpful, It is quite informative for me, excellent writing, thanks for the post

  • http://www.decorcraftservices.co.uk Painting and Decorating

    If you are seeking a well-seasoned group of veteran painting and decorating professionals in the London area, your search is finally over when you discover the greatness of DecorCraft Services. With over 50% of our customers coming from the good works they tell others about, the clean and expert atmosphere that our professional crew of painting and decorating professionals will bring is phenomenal. We are respectful and complete every assignment that we are given in the most accurate and timeliest of fashions, and take into account the budget that you may have set for the project.

  • whirlpool washers

    Hi ….. I have information about Whirlpool washers, you should read them and get tips and tricks commersial business with Whirlpool washers.

  • http://www.programajuridico.com.br Software Juridico e Programa Juridico e CRM Juridico

    Software Juridico totalmente web para advogados, escritorios de advocacia e deptos Juridicos. Programa para advocacia

  • http://gunlukkiralikev.com.tr istanbul günlük kiralık

    Günlük kiralık daire kampanyalarımızı takip ediniz, beş yıldızlı otel konforunda, SPA, türk hamamı, açık ve kapalı havuz farklılığına 95 TL ye sahip olun

  • http://www.goadvertisetomillions.com advertise to millions


  • http://www.renover.se Målare Stockholm

    Another useful article again. Thanks.

  • http://furnituregardenteak.com garden furniture

    I get a lot of useful information in your blog, and of course I hope I can continue to enjoy the articles are informative